Dyscalculia

What is Dyscalculia?

Dyscalculia is a specific and persistent difficulty in understanding numbers and quantity which can lead to a diverse range of difficulties with mathematics and daily life. 

 

Symptoms of Dyscalculia

  • Difficulties with processing numbers and quantities, including:
    • Connecting a number to the quantity it represents (the number 2 to two apples)
    • Counting, backwards and forwards
    • Comparing two amounts
  • Trouble with subitizing (recognize quantities without counting)
  • Trouble recalling basic math facts (like multiplication tables)
  • Trouble with mental calculation and problem-solving
  • Difficulty 
    • counting money 
    • referring to both analogue and digital clock
    • linking numbers and symbols to amount
    • understanding what is quantity 
  • Poor visual and spatial orientation
  • Difficulty immediately sorting out direction (right from left)
  • Troubles with recognizing patterns and sequencing numbers

 

Causes of Dyscalculia

  • Genetics
  • Brain development: differences in regions associated with learning skills 

 

Managing your mental health  

  • Educate yourself on Dyscalculia 
  • Focus on your strengths rather than weaknesses
    •  Our minds may magnify our weaknesses. Do not beat yourself down, you might be a strong writer, or athlete.
  • Avoid negative self-talk, try having a Growth Mindset
    • Change “I can’t do this” to “I can’t do this yet”
    • “I don’t know how to do this” to “I am learning how to do this” 

 

Supporting my child with Dyscalculia?

Seek help from Learning specialists, educational therapists, or neuropsychologists who provide:

  • Specially designed teaching plans
  • Math-based learning games
  • Practicing math skills, a lot more often than other students

 

Tips and tricks: 

  • Use multisensory techniques to count
    • Objects (e.g. beads, fingers) or sounds (e.g. clapping) 
    • Cooking/baking (draws attention to quantities)
  • Easy-to-use calculator and plenty of erasers
  • Draw pictures of math word problems
  • Setting phone alarms to keep track of time
  • Focus on effort, not results 

 

Find out more here:

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